Category / JavaScript

11

Clean up pasted text in WordPress

I have a love/hate relationship with the paste plugin in TinyMCE, the JavaScript WYSIWYG editor that ships with WordPress. In recent releases TinyMCE has gotten very good at sanitizing text pasted from MS Word, but it is still much more permissive than I would like.

A long standing gripe is that classes are added to every paragraph and span when I paste text into the editor:

<p class="p1">This is <span class="s1">pasted</span> text</p>

This odd behaviour is consistent across many applications – InDesign, TextEdit, Mail – so I suspect it may be occurring at an OS level. In any case, I don’t want class attributes finding their way into markup unless I put them there!

A more significant problem is that TinyMCE doesn’t filter out HTML tags from pasted content. If you copy and paste text from a website you might unknowingly bring its markup along for the ride, and end up with something like this:

<div class="row">
  <div class="col-8">
    <table>
      <tr>
        <td><p>This is pasted text</p></td>
      </tr>
    </table>
  </div>
</div>

I’m sure you can imagine how disastrous that extra markup could be on your website’s front end.

Unfortunately TinyMCE doesn’t have a configuration option to specify which tags are permitted in pasted markup. The valid_elements option allows us to define which elements will remain in the edited text when TinyMCE saves, but that is an overzealous solution. On occasion you might need to add markup via TinyMCE, and valid_elements would strip it out again when you save your post. What is needed is a way to clean up text when it is pasted into TinyMCE, but still allow the user to type markup into the editor if they choose.

The solution comes in the form of the paste_preprocess option, which allows us to specify a callback that will be executed when content is inserted into the editor. Within that callback we can strip out any tags that we don’t want, and remove class, id and any other undesirable attributes from our content.

In WordPress you can hook into TinyMCE’s configuration using the tiny_mce_before_init filter. In your theme’s functions.php file:

add_filter('tiny_mce_before_init','configure_tinymce');

/**
 * Customize TinyMCE's configuration
 *
 * @param   array
 * @return  array
 */
function configure_tinymce($in) {
  $in['paste_preprocess'] = "function(plugin, args){
    // Strip all HTML tags except those we have whitelisted
    var whitelist = 'p,span,b,strong,i,em,h3,h4,h5,h6,ul,li,ol';
    var stripped = jQuery('<div>' + args.content + '</div>');
    var els = stripped.find('*').not(whitelist);
    for (var i = els.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
      var e = els[i];
      jQuery(e).replaceWith(e.innerHTML);
    }
    // Strip all class and id attributes
    stripped.find('*').removeAttr('id').removeAttr('class');
    // Return the clean HTML
    args.content = stripped.html();
  }";
  return $in;
}

We use jQuery to populate the DOM with the pasted content, then traverse the DOM and remove tags and classes we don’t want. Finally we extract the cleaned HTML markup and pass it back to the editor. This approach may seem convoluted, but it is far less error prone than using regular expressions to sanitize our content.

All you need to do is modify the whitelist variable, which contains a list of tags to allow past your filter.

One last thing: You might notice that our entire JavaScript function is contained in a string. This might seem odd, but is necessary since WordPress stores TinyMCE’s configuration options as an array of strings.

8

Particleground: a jQuery plugin for background particle systems

Lately I’ve noticed a few sites using JavaScript particle systems as animated backgrounds. I was curious about the technique so I created Particleground, a jQuery plugin that creates a similar effect.

particleground

The particle system can be fine tuned using several configuration options, including a parallax effect which is controlled by the mouse on desktop computers or the gyroscope on smart devices. Particleground works in any browser that supports HTML5 canvas.

See a demo

Download

View on Github

16

Trackpad Scroll Emulator jQuery plugin

When Rdio rolled out their redesigned application recently, I was intrigued by the app’s scrolling implementation. There are no conventional browser scrollbars in Rdio, and instead scrollbars appear on-demand when the user’s mouse enters a scrollable portion of the interface, or when the user performs a mousewheel or trackpad scroll. Rdio’s implementation mimics the experience of scrolling in OSX Lion using a trackpad pointing device, except that it works for any user, on any platform.

Inspired by Rdio’s scrollbars I have created a jQuery plugin that emulates Lion’s trackpad-style scrolling, regardless of the user’s pointing device, browser, or platform.

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8

A jQuery plugin boilerplate

I created this boilerplate for a jQuery plugin I’m working on, and you can use it to kick start your own jQuery plugin development. The features of my boilerplate are:

  • Plugin can be customised using options
  • Setters/Getters for options
  • Private and public methods
  • Callback hooks
  • Plugin instances can be destroyed

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